White Paper: Radio fundamentals for cellular networks

Cellular technologies have advanced from first generation (1G) analog technologies to advanced high performance fourth generation (4G) and fifth generation (5G) systems in just four decades. Despite the increase in complexity of wireless standards and devices, cellular technologies maintain a set of common principles that form the basis behind the design of cellular systems. In…

Demonstrations from MWC-Americas 2018

MWC Americas 2018

View some of our featured demonstrations at MWC Americas: 5G NR Testing      5G Field Testing          Over-the-Air (OTA) Device Test            5G Manufacturing Test NB-IoT Device Test    IP Network Traffic Analysis

High-Resolution Directional Channel Measurements at 67 GHz and Advanced Analysis of Interactions Using Geometric Information

This paper presents results from a high-resolution channel measurement campaign at 67GHz in a street canyon in Tokyo, with focus on an extended evaluation method which incorporates map-based side information. Besides being beneficial for validating the results of the path estimation, the analysis allows the identification of main sources of interaction and the differentiation between…

5G Antenna Characterization in the Far-Field

5G mobile devices and base stations will be operating antenna arrays and beam-steering techniques in the millimeter-wave region. The question of the far-field measurement distance is particularly critical for such technologies as a larger over-the-air test range means dynamic range issues and significantly larger cost. The traditionally used formula for the far-field distance aims at…

Linearization of RF Frontends

This White Paper, (i) proposes a classification of Linearization schemes, (ii) introduces the hard limiter, (iii) illustrates linearization of an exemplary mmWave PA using non-DPD techniques, and (iv) introduces a class of linearized transmitters that create their signal and linearity from efficiently generated components.

Antenna Array Testing – Conducted and Over the Air: The Way to 5G

5G networks will need to offer more capacity and flexibility while lowering the operational expenses of the system. Two new technologies can simultaneously address both the increase in capacity and the increase in energy efficiency: Virtualization & Massive MIMO. This white paper provides an overview of test solutions addressing current and future requirements for antenna…

LTE and Bluetooth® in-device coexistence with WLAN

This application note employs preliminary theoretical analysis and demonstrates how the problems of in-device coexistence can be measured. Exemplary, the effects of LTE and Bluetooth® traffic on the WLAN performance of a commercially available smartphone are examined. These examples will also enable the reader to design tests for complementary scenarios.